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Tony Veale

Tony Veale


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Name and Title: 
Dr Tony Veale BSc MSC PhD
Senior Lecturer
Ext. 2912
CSI / B2.11
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Tony Veale is a senior lecturer in the department of Computer Science at University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland. He has been a researcher in the areas of Computational Linguistics, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence since 1988, both in industry and in academia. He obtained a B.Sc (hons) in Computer Science from University College Cork (UCC) in 1988, and an M.Sc in Computer Science in 1990, before joining Hitachi Dublin Laboratory in 1990. He received his Ph.D in Computer Science from Trinity College, Dublin in 1996. He has divided his career between academia and industry. In the latter, he has developed text-understanding and machine translation systems for Hitachi (in particular, the translation of English into American Sign language, ASL), as well as natural-language-processing tools for the CYC project in Cycorp at Austin, Texas, and patented web-based question-answering technology for Intelliseek (Cincinnati, Ohio) and Coreintellect (Dallas, Texas), where he held the position of Chief Scientist. During his tenure on the CYC project in Cycorp inc. he developed a model of analogical reasoning for CYC and contributed to the DARPA-funded High-Performance-Knowledge-Bases (HPKB) and Rapid-Knowledge-Formation (RKF) projects. He was, from 2002 -- 2007, the academic coordinator for UCD's unique international degree programme in Software Engineering, which UCD delivers in Shanghai at Fudan university; he continues to deliver courses on this degree. He is the author of Exploding The Creativity Myth: The Computational Foundations of Linguistic Creativity (Bloomsbury Academic, 2012) and a founder member of the international Association for Computational Creativity (ACC). He organized the ACC's annual conference, The International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC) in UCD in May 2012.


Honours and Awards

    • Year: 2008. Title: Visiting Senior Fellowship
    • Year: 1989. Title: Memorex Telex Research Scholarship


    • Association: Association for Computational Creativity (ACC), Function/Role: Founder member
    • Association: Association for Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), Function/Role: Member
    • Association: Association for Applied Computational Linguistics (ACL), Function/Role: Member


    • Patent 6,584,470 : Multi-layered semiotic mechanism for answering natural language questions using document retrieval combined with information extraction

Conference Contributions

    • Tony Veale; (2008) Cognitive Linguistics. [Plenary Lecture], Spanish Cognitive Linguistics Association 



    • Tony Veale (2012) Exploding The Creativity Myth: The Computational Foundations of Linguistic Creativity. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Available Online [Details]

Book Chapters

    • Tony Veale, Charles Forceville, Kurt Keyaerts (2013) 'E Unis Pluribum: Using Mental Agility to Achieve Creative Duality in Word, Image and Sound' In: Veale, T., Feyaerts, K. J. and Forceville, C. J (eds). Creativity and the Agile Mind: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of a Multi-Faceted Phenomenon. Amsterdam: Mouton De Gruyter. [Details]
    • Tony Veale, Yanfen Hao (2013) 'Talking Points in Linguistic Creativity' In: Tony Veale, Kurt Keyaerts, Charles Forceville (eds). Creativity and the Agile Mind: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of a Multi-Faceted Phenomenon. Amsterdam: Mouton De Gruyter. , pp.99-116 [Details]
    • Tony Veale, Charles Forceville, Kurt Feyaerts (2013) 'Creativity and the Agile Mind' In: Tony Veale, Kurt Feyaerts, Charles Forceville (eds). Creativity and the Agile Mind: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of a Multi-Faceted Phenomenon (Applications of Cognitive Linguistics). Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter. , pp.15-36 [Details]
    • Tony Veale (2013) 'Strategies and tactics for ironic subversion' In: Marta Dynel (eds). Developments in Linguistic Humour Theory. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [Details]
    • Tony Veale (2014) 'The ABCs of XYZs: Creativity and Conservativity in Humorous Epithets' In: J. Manjaly, B. Indurkhya (eds). Cognition, Experience, and Creativity. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. [Details]
    • Tony Veale, Guofu Li (2014) 'Analogy as an Organizational Principle in the Construction of Large Knowledge-Bases' In: Henri Prade, Gilles Richard (eds). Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin: Springer. [Details]
    • Stephen Howell and Tony Veale (2011) 'Serious Linguistic Games as Intelligent Tutoring Systems' In: Stephen Howell and Tony Veale (eds). Handbook of Research on Improving Learning and Motivation through Educational Games: Multidisciplinary Approaches. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. , pp.726-758 [Details]
    • Tony Veale (2012) 'A Computational Exploration of Creative Simile' In: F. MacArthur, J. L. O. Martínez, M. S. García and A. M. P. Píriz (eds). Metaphor in Use: Context, Culture, and Communication. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [Details]
    • Tony Veale (2012) 'The Agile Cliché: Using Flexible Stereotypes as Building Blocks in the Construction of an Affective Lexicon' In: Oltramari, A., Vossen, P., Qin, L. & Hovy, E (eds). New Trends of Research in Ontologies and Lexical Resources. Berlin: Springer: Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing. [Details]
    • Guofu Li and Tony Veale; (2011) 'Analogical Cliques in Ontology Construction: Communications in Computer and Information Science (CCIS), Vol. 128' In: Fred, A.; Dietz, J.L.G.; Liu, K.; Filipe, J (eds). Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Berlin: Springer Verlag. Available Online [Details]
    • Forceville, Charles, Veale, Tony and Feyaerts, Kurt; (2010) 'Balloonics: The Visuals of Balloons in Comics' In: Joyce Goggin and Dan Hassler-Forest (eds). The RISE and REASON of Comics and Graphic Literature: Critical Essays on the Form. Jefferson, NC, USA: McFarland. , pp.56-73 Available Online [Details]
    • Tony Veale and Cristina Butnariu; (2010) 'Harvesting and Understanding On-line Neologisms' In: Alexander Onysko and Sascha Michel (eds). Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation [Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs ; 221]. Berlin: DeGruyter. , pp.393-416 Available Online [Details]
    • Veale, T.; (2009) 'Hiding in Plain Sight: Figure-Ground Reversals in Humour' In: Brône, Geert and Vandaele, Jeroen (eds). Cognitive Poetics: Goals, Gains and Gaps. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. , pp.279-288 Available Online [Details]
    • Veale, T.; (2007) 'Dynamic creation of analogically-motivated terms and categories in lexical ontologies' In: Judith Munat (eds). Lexical Creativity, Texts and Contexts. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. , pp.189-212 [Details]
    • Veale, T; (2006) 'Computability as a test on linguistic theories' In: G. Kristiansen, M. Achard, R. Dirven and F. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez (eds). Cognitive Linguistics: Current Applications and Future Perspectives. The Hague: Mouton DeGruyter. [Details]
    • Keane, M.T, Veale, T. & Costello, F.; (2000) 'La complessit


Research Interests

  • My research interests revolve around the creative use and comprehension of language, as exemplified by the following topics:

    Computational Creativity;
    Analogical Reasoning and Lexical Analogies;
    Metaphor and other forms of figurative language (such as irony, humor);
    Ontologies (in particular, Lexical Ontologies), their use and construction;
    Multilingual language resources
    WordNet and other large-scale lexical resources;
    Language-oriented educational computer games. 

    I am a funded investigator in the SFI CSET "Next Generation Localization" and a member of the Centre for Next Generation Localization (CNGL)

    I am also funded by the Korean NRF's World-Class-University (WCU) programme to spend one semester a year at KAIST (the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology).
    I am the author of the monograph Exploding The Creativity Myth: The Computational Foundations of Linguistic Creativity (Bloomsbury Academic, 2012).

    I have delivered courses on my research at the 2005 and 2007 ESSLLI summer schools:

    2005: Computational treatments of Metaphor
    2007: Enriched Lexical Ontologies

    and at the 2011 Autumn School in Computational Creativity in Helsinki, Finland.
    Slides for these courses are available from

Research Projects

  • Sponsor : Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Title : IT-Life
    Start Date / End Date : 01-APR-06 / 31-JAN-07
  • Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
    Title : KAIST/KOREA/UCD Collaboration
    Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-05 / 01-APR-06
  • Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
    Title : Explanation - Based Business Intelligence Systems
    Start Date / End Date : 01-JAN-03 / 31-DEC-04
  • Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
    Title : Research Visit to Coimbra, Portugal
    Start Date / End Date : 01-JUN-03 / 30-APR-04
  • Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
    Title : KNOW-BEST: Knowledge - Based Educational Systems for Testing
    Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-04 / 30-SEP-07
  • Sponsor : Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Title : IT - LIFE
    Start Date / End Date : 01-APR-07 / 31-JAN-08
  • Sponsor : Flemish Academic Centre for Science and the Arts
    Title : The Agile Mind - Towards an Empiracal Account of Creativity in Science and Art
    Start Date / End Date : 01-FEB-08 / 30-SEP-08
  • Sponsor : Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
    Title : Next Generation Localisation
    Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-07 / 30-OCT-08

Recent Postgraduates


    Teaching Philosophy

      • I believe the key to good teaching is to allow a student to forge connections between ideas by presenting the material in the form of an engaging narrative. One must be capable of inventing apt metaphors and analogies in context to present complex ideas in a grounded and intuitive fashion.

    Enhancement of Teaching

      • I update my course materials every year in response to feedback from the previous year's students. For instance, my AI course on the UCD/Fudan International BSc has evolved from a traditional course on search techniques to a course on the Semantic Web, in which the history, technology and uses of Semantic Web ontologies are discussed and implemented. My desire to remain up-to-date and relevant in my area of teaching reflects the needs of students who wish to be engage with industrially-relevant material.I teach a group-structured course on Software Engineering (Software Project III) in which I invent a new project brief every year. My goal with these projects is to provide an engaging educational experience in which the students feel they are developing a commercially viable product. With the low barriers to entry for smartphone apps, one must be constantly surveying the industry to find up-to-date project material.This course is a delicate balance of structured and self-regulated learning. I believe -- based on direct feedback from engaged students -- that I have found the right balance of content and delivery.

    Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

      • Upon joining UCD in 2002, I was tasked with running the UCD/Fudan International BSc. in Software Engineering. The first task was the creation of a suitable curriculum for the degree, which I designed in cooperation with Fudan. Since then, the curriculum must occasionally be updated to reflect the needs of the students. For example, I initially imported the successful UCD concept of a final year project, making this a group rather than individual project. Students formed their own groups of 4 or 5 members, and developed a concept suggested by their UCD supervisors. However, since UCD lecturers are present in Fudan for just one semester at a time, and dispersed across different semesters, the final project proved unworkable. UCD lecturers could not provide the year-long supervision that was needed. A lecturer needs to be present to make a difference.I negotiated a curriculum change with Fudan whereby the final project was replaced by three new UCD modules. This did not entail the assignment of more lecturers to the degree. Two of the new modules are designed Advanced Topics (I and II): these are 4th-year modules whose content reflects the research-interests of the UCD lecturer. These modules thus serve to promote current research interests in UCD.

    Developing as a Teacher

      • I have been teaching Computer Science and related topics since 1994. Over the years, I have benefited from seeing the teaching style of my colleagues, but I have especially benefited from experiencing the best international speakers on the conference circuit.I have taught a wide variety of CS topics since 1994, at Trinity College, Dublin (1994); Dublin City University (1995-1999), UCD (2002-present). Each has provided the opportunity to hone my teaching skills, to undergraduates, post-graduates, and professionals (in DCU I delivered multiple night courses to industry professionals).Upon joining DCU in 1995, I benefited from a two-day professional teaching course with audio-video feedback. This course cemented the key values of clarity, engagement and approachability.I have also benefited from the cultural diversity of my teaching responsibilities, since I have had to adapt my teaching style to Chinese students (in Fudan) and Korean students (in KAIST). Feedback from summer/autumn schools where I have delivered courses to international audiences has also been an invaluable learning tool for me.

    Innovation & Leadership

      • I helped set up the UCD International BSc in Software Engineering in 2002, and was the first UCD lecturer to teach at Fudan. Over the years I have adapted and evolved my teaching style to a multicultural audience, and have developed specific courses to bridge cultural gaps in the understanding and use of science.


    Internal Collaborators

      • Julie Berndsen, UCD  (as part of the Next Generation Localization CSET)

        Fintan Costello, UCD

        Mel O'Cinneide, UCD
        Mark Keane, UCD 


    External Collaborators

      • The PROSECCO consortium (

        Kurt Feyaerts and Geert Brone of the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium

        Charles Forceville of the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands 

        Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza of the university of Rioja, Spain

        Key-Sun Choi of the Korean Institute of Advanced Science and Technology, Korea

        Josef van Genabith of Dublin City University, as part of the Next Generation Localization CSET

        Vincent Wade,Trinity College Dublin, as part of the Next Generation Localization CSET